Industrial water treatment is a vital part of any company that produces goods. Without it, the quality of the products will suffer, and consumers may not accept them. This blog post will focus on four different categories of industrial water treatment: process chemical treatments, membrane filtration, and advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), and adsorption.
Four different categories:
1. Process chemical treatments:
Process chemical treatments are important for water treatment in industrial applications because they can be used to remove dissolved organics or other impurities that would hurt the quality of a product. The most common type is coagulation and flocculation, where chemicals like aluminum sulfate or iron (III) chloride are used to make particles in the water clump together so they can be removed more easily by filtration methods.
2. Membrane filtration:
Membrane filtration is a very common water treatment method in the food and beverage industry because it can remove particles down to .01 microns. The most commonly used membrane filter in this application is ultrafiltration, which involves forcing water across a semi-permeable membrane under pressure to remove contaminants larger than one-tenth of a micron.
Another type of membrane filtration is nanofiltration, which uses a membrane that allows water molecules to pass through while blocking contaminants larger than one-millionth of a meter in size. This method is used mainly to treat and purify industrial wastewater because it can remove things like pesticides and other organic chemicals.
3. Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs):
Advanced oxidation processes, or AOPS for short, are a form of water treatment that uses chemicals and ultraviolet light to oxidize contaminants in the water so they can be removed. The most commonly used chemical is hydrogen peroxide, which reacts with dissolved organic carbon compounds and ammonia nitrogen to produce hydroxyl radicals that can break the contaminants down.
Another type of AOP is Fenton’s Reagent, which uses a combination of hydrogen peroxide and iron (III) chloride to produce more powerful oxidizing agents like ferric ions and hydroxyl radicals that are very effective at breaking down organic compounds.
Adsorption is a type of water treatment that involves using chemicals to bind contaminants onto the surface to be removed. The most common adsorbent is activated carbon, which has many applications in the industry because it can remove things like pesticides and phenols from wastewater more easily than other filtration methods.
In conclusion, industrial water treatment is a vital part of any company that produces goods. Without it, the quality of the products will suffer, and consumers may not accept them.